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  1. Carroll, S. B., Grenier, J. K. and Weatherbee, S. D. From DNA to Diversity: Molecular Genetics and the Evolution of Animal Design, Blackwell Scientific, Malden, Mass
          First Edition, (2001)
          Japanese translation published by Yodosha, Tokyo.
          Italian translation published by Zanichelli Editore S.p.A., Bologna.
          Second Edition, (2005)
  2. Carroll. S.B. (2005) Endless Forms Most Beautiful: The New Science of Evo Devo  and the  Making of the Animal Kingdom, W.W. Norton, New York. 

  3.       Foreign editions in Japan, Italy, Brazil, China, Taiwan, Korea, Finland, Germany and the  U.K.
  4. Carroll, S.B. (2006) The Making of the Fittest. W.W. Norton, New York.
          Foreign editions in Japan, Italy, Taiwan, Germany, United Kingdom

  5. Griffiths, A, Wessler, S., Lewontin, R. , and Carroll, S. (2007) Introduction to Genetic Analysis, ninth edition. W.H. Freeman, New York. Carroll,
  6. S.B. (2008)  Into the Jungle: Great Adventures in the Search for Evolution.  Benjamin Cummings/ Pearson Education, San Francisco.    
  7. Carroll, S.B. (2009)  Remarkable Creatures: Epic Adventures in the Search for the Origins of Species.  Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, New York.


  1. Carroll, S.B. and B.D. Stollar (1982) Inhibitory monoclonal antibody to calf thymus RNA polymerase II blocks formation of enzyme-DNA complexes.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA  79:7233-7287.
  2. Carroll, S.B., L.M. Ippilito and W.C. DeWolf (1982) Heparin-binding agglutinin on human teratocarcinoma cells.  Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 109:1353-1359.
  3. Carroll, S.B. and B.D. Stollar (1983) Antibodies to calf thymus RNA polymerase II from egg yolks of immunized hens.  J. Biol. Chem. 258:24-26.
  4. Carroll, S.B. and B.C. Stollar (1983) Conservation of a DNA-binding site in the largest subunit of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II.  J. Mol. Biol. 170:777-790.
  5. Laughon, A., S.B. Carroll, F.A. Storfer, P.D. Riley and M.P. Scott (1985) Common properties of proteins encoded by the Antennapedia Complex genes of Drosophila melanogasterCold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 50:253-262.
  6. Carroll, S.B. and M.P. Scott (1985) Localization of the fushi tarazu protein during Drosophila embryogenesis. Cell 43:47-57.
  7. Carroll, S.B., P.D. Riley, M.W. Klymkowsky, J. van Blerkom, J. Steward and M.P. Scott (1986) Localization of homeodomain-containing proteins using antibodies against a synthetic oligopeptide.  In Gametogenesis and the Early Embryo  (Alan R. Liss, Inc.), 257-270.
  8. Carroll, S.B. and M.P. Scott (1986) Zygotically active genes that affect the spatial expression of the fushi tarazu segmentation gene during early Drosophila embryogenesis. Cell 45:113-126.
  9. Carroll, S.B., G.L. Winslow, T. Schupbach and M.P. Scott (1986) Maternal control of Drosophila segmentation gene expression. Nature 323:278-280.
  10. Carroll, S.B., R.A. Laymon, M.A. McCutcheon, P.D. Riley and M.P. Scott (1986) The localization and regulation of Antennapedia protein expression in Drosophila embryos. Cell 47:113-122.
  11. Carroll, S.B., G.L. Winslow, V.J. Twombly and M.P. Scott (1987) Genes that control dorsoventral polarity affect gene expression along the anteroposterior axis of the Drosophila embryo. Development 99:327-332.         
  12. Riley, P.D., S.B. Carroll and M.P. Scott (1987) The expression and regulation of Sex combs reduced protein­ in Drosophila embryos. Genes and Development 1:716-730.
  13. Carroll, S.B. and A.S. Laughon (1987) Production and purification of polyclonal antibodies to the foreign segment of ß-galactosidase fusion proteins.  In DNA Cloning: A Practical Approach (D. Glover, ed.), IRL Press Oxford, Vol. III, pp. 89-111.
  14. Scott, M.P. and S.B. Carroll (1987) The segmentation and homeotic gene network in early Drosophila development (review). Cell 51:689-698.
  15. Carroll, S.B., S. DiNardo, P. O'Farrell, R.A.H. White and M.P. Scott (1988) Temporal and spatial relationships between segmentation and homeotic gene expression in Drosophila embryos: Distributions of the fushi tarazu, engrailed, Antennapedia, Ultrabithorax, and Sex Combs Reduced proteins.  Genes and Development 2:350-360.
  16. Laughon, A. and S.B. Carroll (1988) Inside the homeobox: How a new found genetic mechanism turns eggs into animals. The Sciences, March/April, 42-49.
  17. Carroll, S.B., A. Laughon and B.S. Thalley (1988) Expression, function, and regulation of the hairy segmentation protein in the Drosophila embryo. Genes and Development 2:883-890.
  18. Winslow, G.L., S.B. Carroll and M.P. Scott (1988) Maternal-effect genes that after the fate map of the Drosophila blastoderm embryo. Developmental  Biology 129:72-83.
  19. Carroll, S.B. and J.S. Whyte (1989) The role of the hairy  gene during Drosophila morphogenesis: Stripes in imaginal discs.  Genes and Development  3:905-916.
  20. Vavra, S.H. and S.B. Carroll (1989) The zygotic control of Drosophila pair-rule gene expression. I.  A search for new pair-rule regulatory loci. Development  107:663-672.
  21. Carroll, S.B. and S.H. Vavra (1989) The zygotic control of Drosophila pair-rule gene expression.  II.  Spatial repression by gap and pair-rule gene products.  Development 107:673-683.
  22. Carroll, S.B. (1990) Transcriptional regulation of zebra patterns in fly embryos: Activation of stripes or repression of interstripes? Cell 60:9-16.
  23. Thalley, B. and S.B. Carroll (1990) Rattlesnake and scorpion antivenoms from the egg yolks of immunized hens.  Bio/Technology 8:934-938.
  24. Skeath, J.B.  and S.B. Carroll (1991) Regulation of achaete-scute gene expression and sensory organ pattern formation in the Drosophila wing.  Genes and Development 5:984-995.
  25. Brown, N.L., C.A. Satler, D.R. Markey and S.B. Carroll (1991) hairy gene function in the Drosophila eye: Normal expression is dispensable but ectopic expression alters cell fates. Development 113:1245-1256.
  26. Williams, J., J. Bell and S.B. Carroll (1991) Control of Drosophila wing and haltere development by the nuclear vestigial gene product. Genes and Development 5:24812495.
  27. Skeath, J.B. and S.B. Carroll (1992) Regulation of proneural gene expression and cell fate during neuroblast segregation in the Drosophila embryo. Development 114:939-946.
  28. Orenic, T.V. and S.B. Carroll (1992) The cell biology of pattern formation during Drosophila development. International Review of Cytology 139:121-155.
  29. Carroll, S.B., B.S. Thalley, R.D.G. Theakston and G. Laing (1992) A comparison of the purity and efficacy of affinity purified avian antivenoms with commercial equine crotalid antivenoms. Toxicon 30:1017-1025.
  30. Skeath, J.B., G. Panganiban, J. Selegue and S.B. Carroll (1992) Gene regulation in two dimensions: the proneural achaete and scute genes are controlled by combinations of axis-patterning genes through a common intergenic control region. Genes and Development 6:2606-2619.
  31. Thalley, B.S., M-B. van Boldrik, S.B. Carroll, W. Tepp, B.R. DasGupta and D.C. Stafford (1993) Development of an avian antitoxin to a botulinum type neurotoxin.  In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Botulinum and Tetanus Neurotoxins, Neurotransmission and Biomedical Aspects. (B.R. DasGupta, ed.). Plenum Press, New York, 467-472.
  32. Paddock, S.W., J.A. Langeland, P. DeVries and S.B. Carroll (1993) Three colour immunofluorescence imaging of Drosophila embryos by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Bio/Techniques 14:42-47.
  33. Williams, J.A., S.W. Paddock and S.B. Carroll (1993) Pattern formation in a secondary field: A hierarchy of regulatory genes subdivides the developing Drosophila wing disc into discrete sub-regions. Development 117 (2):571-584.
  34. Langeland, J.A. and S.B. Carroll (1993) Conservation of regulatory elements controlling hairy pair-rule stripe formation. Development 117 (2):585-596.
  35. Orenic, T.V., L.I. Held, S.W. Paddock and S.B. Carroll (1993)  The spatial organization of epidermal structures:  hairy establishes the geometrical pattern of Drosophila leg bristles by delimiting the domains of achaete expression.  Development 118:9-20.
  36. Williams, J.A. and S.B. Carroll (1993)  The origin, patterning and evolution of insect appendages. BioEssays 15:567-578.
  37. Paddock, S.W., P. DeVries, E. Buth and S.B. Carroll (1994) Morphing: A new graphics tool for animating confocal images. Bio/Techniques 16:448-452.
  38. Nagy, L.M. and S.B. Carroll (1994) Conservation of wingless patterning functions in the short germ embryos of Tribolium castaneum. Nature 367:460-462.
  39. Williams, J.A., S.W. Paddock, K. Vorwerk and S.B. Carroll (1994) Organization of wing formation and induction of a wing-patterning gene at a compartment boundary. Nature 368:298-305.
  40. Skeath, J.B., G.F. Panganiban and S.B. Carroll (1994) The ventral nervous system defective gene controls proneural gene expression at two distinct steps during neuroblast formation in Drosophila. Development 120:1517-1524.
  41. Carroll, S.B., J. Gates, D. Keys, S.W. Paddock, G.F. Panganiban, J. Selegue and J.A. Williams (1994) Pattern formation and eyespot determination in butterfly wings.  Science 265:109-114.
  42. Skeath, J.B. and S.B. Carroll (1994) The achaete-scute complex.  Generation of cellular pattern and fate within the Drosophila nervous system.  FASEB  J.  8:714-721.
  43. Langeland, J.A., S.F. Attai , K. Vorwerk, and S.B. Carroll (1994) Positioning adjacent pair-rule stripes in the posterior Drosophila embryo.  Development  120:2945-2955.
  44. Panganiban, G., L. Nagy and S.B. Carroll (1994) The role of the Distal-less gene in the development and evolution of insect limbs. Current Biology 4:671-675.
  45. Carroll, S.B.  (1994) Developmental regulatory mechanisms in the evolution of insect diversity. Development Supp:217-223.
  46. Warren, R., L. Nagy, J. Selegue, J. Gates, and S.B. Carroll. (1994) Evolution of homeotic gene regulation and function in flies and butterflies. Nature  372:458-461.
  47. Carroll, S.B., S.D. Weatherbee and J.A. Langeland (1995) Homeotic genes and the regulation and evolution of insect wing number. Nature 375:58-61.
  48. Brown, N.L., C.A. Sattler, S.W. Paddock and S.B. Carroll (1995) HLH proteins and the regulation of photoreceptor cell determination and morphogenetic furrow progression in the Drosophila eye. Cell 80:879-887.
  49. Williams, J.A., J.A. Langeland, B.S. Thalley, J.B. Skeath and S.B. Carroll (1995)  Production and purification of polyclonal antibodies against proteins expressed in E. coli.  In DNA Cloning:  Expression Systems.  (D.M Glover and B.D. Hames, eds.).  IRL Press, Oxford, 15-58.
  50. Warren, R. and S.B. Carroll (1995) Homeotic genes and diversification of the insect body plan. Curr. Opin. in Genet. & Dev. 5:459-465.
  51. Carroll, S.B. (1995) Homeotic genes and the evolution of arthropods and chordates (Review). Nature 376:479-485.
  52. Kim, J., K.D. Irvine and S.B. Carroll (1995) Cell recognition, signal induction, and symmetrical gene activation at the dorsal/ventral boundary of the developing Drosophila wing. Cell 82: 795-802.
  53. Skeath, J.B., Y. Zhang, R. Holmgren, S.B. Carroll and C.Q. Doe  (1995)  Specification of neuroblast identity in the Drosophila embryonic central nervous system by the gooseberry-distal gene. Nature 376: 427-430.
  54. Panganiban, G., A. Sebring, L.M. Nagy and S.B. Carroll (1995) The development of crustacean limbs and the evolution of arthropods. Science  270:1363-1366.
  55. Grbic, M., L.M. Nagy, S.B. Carroll and M. Strand (1996) Polyembryonic development: insect pattern formation in a cellularized environment, Development 122:795-804.
  56. Kim, J., A. Sebring, J.J. Esch, M.E. Kraus, K. Vorwerk, J. Magee and S.B. Carroll (1996)  Integration of positional signals and regulation of wing formation and identity by Drosophila vestigial gene. Nature 382:133-138.
  57. Brown, N. L., S.W. Paddock, C.A. Sattler, C. Cronmiller, B.J. Thomas and  S.B. Carroll (1996) daughterless is required for Drosophila photoreceptor cell determination, eye morphogenesis, and cell cycle progression. Dev. Biol., 179:65-78.
  58. Brakefield, P M., J. Gates, D. Keys, F. Kesbeke, P. J. Wijngaarden, A. Monteiro, V. French and S. B. Carroll (1996) The development, plasticity and evolution of butterfly eyespot patterns. Nature 384:236-242.
  59. Kim, J., K. Johnson, S. Carroll, and A. Laughon (1997) MAD binds to DNA and directly mediates the long-range activation of the vestigial wing patterning gene by the DPP morphogen. Nature 388:304-308.
  60. Shubin, N., C. Tabin and S.B. Carroll (1997)  Fossils, genes, and the evolution of animal limbs. Nature (Review) 388:639-648.
  61. Carroll, S.B.  (1997) Genetics on the wing: Or how the butterfly got its spots. Natural History, February, 28-32.
  62. Panganiban, G.,  S. M. Irvine, C. Lowe, H. Roehl, L. S. Corley, B. Sherbon, J. Grenier, J.F. Fallon, J. Kimble,  M. Walker, G. A. Wray, B. J. Swalla, M. Q. Martindale and S. B. Carroll (1997) The origin and evolution of animal appendages.  PNAS 94:5162-5166.
  63. Grenier, J.K.,  T.L. Garber, R. Warren, P.M. Whitington and S.B. Carroll (1997) Evolution of the entire arthropod Hox gene set predated the origin and radiation of the onychophoran/arthropod clade. Current Biology 7:547-553.
  64. Kim, J., J. Magee, S.B. Carroll (1997) Intercompartmental Signaling and the regulation of vestigial expression at the dorsoventral boundary of the developing Drosophila wing. Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology, LXII, 283-291.
  65. Carroll, S.B. (1998) From Pattern to Gene, Gene to Pattern.  Special Issue of the International Journal of Developmental Biology on the Developmental Genetics of Drosophila 42:305-309.
  66. Koch, P.B., D.N. Keys, T. Rocheleau, K. Aronstein, M. Blackburn, S.B. Carroll and R.H. ffrench-Constant (1998) Regulation of dopa decarboxylase expression during colour pattern formation in wild type and melanic Tiger Swallowtail butterflies. Development 125:2303-13.
  67. Weatherbee, S., G. Halder, A. Hudson, R. Galant, J. Kim and S.B. Carroll (1998) Ultrabithorax regulates genes at several levels of the wing-patterning  hierarchy to shape the development of the Drosophila haltere.  Genes & Development 12:1474-1482.
  68. Galant, R., J. B. Skeath, S. Paddock, David L. Lewis and S.B. Carroll (1998)  Expression of an achaete-scute homolog during butterfly scale development reveals the homology of insect scales and sensory bristles.  Current Biology 8:807-813.
  69. Carroll, S.B. (1998) Migrating to butterflies.  Current Biology 8:R511-R512.
  70. Halder, G., P. Polaczyk, M.E. Kraus, A. Hudson, J. Kim, A. Laughon, and S.B. Carroll (1998) The Vestigial and Scalloped proteins act together to directly regulate wing-specific gene expression in response to signaling proteins.  Genes & Development 12:3900-3909.
  71. Tabin, C.J., S.B. Carroll and G. Panganiban (1999) Out on a limb:  Parallels in vertebrate and invertebrate limb patterning and the origin of appendages. American Zoologist 39:650-663.
  72. Weatherbee, S.D., H.F. Nijhout, G. Halder, R. Galant, J. Selegue and Carroll, S.B. (1999) Ultrabithorax function in butterfly wings and the evolution of insect wing patterns.  Current Biology 9:109-115.
  73. Keys, D.N., D.L. Lewis, J.E. Selegue, B.J. Pearson1, L. V. Goodrich, R.L. Johnson, J. Gates, M.P. Scott, and S.B. Carroll (1999)  Recruitment of a Hedgehog Regulatory Circuit in Butterfly Eyespot Evolution.  Science 283:532-534.
  74. de Rosa, R., J.K. Grenier, T. Andreeva, C. Cook, A. Adoutte, M. Akam, S.B. Carroll, G. Balavoine (1999) Hox genes in brachiopods and priapulids and protostome evolution. Nature 399:772-776.
  75. Knoll, A.H. and S.B. Carroll (1999) Early animal evolution: Emerging perspectives from comparative biology and the geologic record. Science 284:2129-2137.
  76. Weatherbee, S.D. and Carroll, S.B. (1999) Selector genes and limb identity in arthropods and vertebrates. Cell 97:283.
  77. Lewis, D.L., DeCamillis, M.A., Brunetti, C.R., Halder, G., Kassner, V.A., Selegue, J.E.,  Higgs, S. and Carroll, S.B. (1999) Ectopic gene expression and homeotic transformations in butterflies, beetles and other arthropods using recombinant sindbis viruses. Current Biology 9 1279-1287.
  78. True, J.R., Edwards, K.A., Yamamoto, D. and Carroll, S.B. (1999) Drosophila wing melanin patterns form by vein-dependent elaboration of enzymatic prepatterns. Current Biology 9:1382-1391.
  79. Grenier, J.K. and Carroll, S.B. (2000) Functional evolution of the Ultrabithorax protein.  PNAS 97:704-709.
  80. Ju, B.-J., Jeong, S., Bae, E., Hyun, S., Carroll, S.B., Yim, J., and Kim, J. (2000) Fringe forms a complex with Notch. Nature 405:192-195
  81. Certel, K., Hudson, A., Carroll, S.B. and Johnson, W.A. (2000) Restricted patterning of vestigial expression in Drosophila wing imaginal discs requires synergistic activation by both Mad and the Drifter POU domain transcription factor. Development 127:3173-3183.
  82. Carroll, S.B.  (2000)  Endless forms: The evolution of gene regulation and morphological diversity.  Cell 101:577-580.
  83. Kopp, A., Duncan, I., D. Godt and Carroll, S.B. (2000) Genetic control and evolution of sexually dimorphic characters in Drosophila.  Nature 408: 553-559.
  84. Carroll, S.B. (2001) Macroevolution. Nature 409:669.
  85. True, J.R., Kopp, A. and Carroll, S.B. (2001) Prophenoloxidase as a reporter of gene expression in Drosophila.  BioTechniques 30:1004-1009
  86. Carroll, S.B. (2001) Chance and necessity: The evolution of morphological complexity and diversity. Nature 409:1102-1109.
  87. Guss, K.A., Nelson, C.E., Hudson, A., Kraus, M.E., and Carroll, S.B. (2001) Control of a genetic regulatory network by a selector gene.  Science 292:1164-1167.
  88. King, N. and Carroll, S.B. (2001) A receptor tyrosine kinase from Choanoflagellates: Molecular insights into early animal evolution. PNAS 98:15032-15037.
  89. Halder, G. and Carroll, S.B. (2001) Binding of the Vestigial cofactor switches the DNA-target specificity of the Scalloped selector protein. Development 128: 3295-3305.
  90. Brunetti, C.R., Selegue, J.E., Monteiro, A., French, V., Brakefield, P.M., and Carroll, S.B. (2001) The generation and diversification of butterfly eyespot color patterns. Current Biology 11:1578-1585.
  91. Galant, R. and Carroll, S.B. (2002) Evolution of a novel transcriptional repression domain in the Ultrabithorax Hox protein in insects.  Nature 415:848-849.
  92. Wittkopp, P.J., True, J.R., Carroll, S.B. (2002) Reciprocal functions of the Drosophila Yellow and Ebony proteins in the development and evolution of pigment patterns. Development 129: 1849-1858.
  93. Galant, R., Walsh, C. and Carroll, S.B. (2002) Hox repression of a target gene: extradenticle-independent, additive action through multiple monomer binding sites. Development, 129:3115-3126.
  94. Mann, R.S. and Carroll, S.B. (2002) Molecular mechanisms of selector gene function and evolution.. Current Opinion in Genetics & Development, 12: 592-600.
  95. Wittkopp, P.J., Vaccaro, K., Carroll, S.B. (2002) Evolution of yellow gene regulation and pigmentation in Drosophila. Current Biology, 12:1547-1556.
  96. Kopp, A., Graze, R.M., Xu, S., Carroll, S.B., Nuzhdin, S.V.  (2003) Quantitative Trait Loci responsible for variation in sexually dimorphic traits in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 163:771-787.
  97. Wittkopp, P.J., Williams, B.L., Selegue, J.E., and Carroll, S.B.  (2003) Drosophila pigmentation evolution: Divergent genotypes underlying convergent phenotypes. PNAS, 100:1808-13.
  98. Rokas, A., King, N., Finnerty, J, Carroll, S.B. (2003) Conflicting phylogenetic signals at the base of the metazoan tree. Evolution & Development, 5:346-359.
  99. Carroll, S.B. (2003) Genetics and the making of Homo sapiensNature, 422:849-857.King, N., Hittinger, C.T., Carroll, S.B. (2003) Evolution of key cell signaling and adhesion protein families predates animal origins. Science, 301:361-363.
  100. Gompel, N. and Carroll, S.B. (2003) Genetic mechanisms and constraints governing the evolution of correlated traits in drosophilid flies. Nature, 424:931 – 935.
  101. Wittkopp, P.J., Kopp, A., Carroll, S.B. (2003) Evolution in Black and White:  Genetic control of pigment patterns in Drosophila. Trends in Genetics, 19:495-504.
  102. Rokas, A., Williams, B.L., King, N. and Carroll, S.B. (2003) Genome-scale approaches to resolving incongruence in molecular phylogenies. Nature, 425:798-804.
  103. Nelson, C.E., Hersh, B.M., Carroll, S.B. (2004) The regulatory content of intergenic DNA shapes genome architecture.  Genome Biol. 5:R25.
  104. Hittinger, C.T., Rokas, A., Carroll, S.B. (2004) Parallel inactivation of multiple GAL pathway genes and ecological diversification in yeasts. PNAS, 101:14144-14149.
  105. Gompel, N., Prud’homme, B., Wittkopp, P.J., Kassner, V.A., and Carroll. S.B. (2005) Chance caught on the wing: cis-regulatory evolution and the origin of pigment patterns in Drosophila. Nature, 433:481-487.
  106. Hersh, B.M. & Carroll, S.B. (2005) Direct regulation of knot gene expression by Ultrabithorax and the evolution of cis-regulatory elements in Drosophila, Development, 132:1567-1577.
  107. Rokas, A. and Carroll, S.B. (2005) More sequence or more taxa? The relative contribution of taxon number and sequence data size to phylogenetic accuracy. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 22: 1337-1344.
  108. Carroll, S.B. (2005) Evolution at two levels: on genes and form, PLoS Biology, 3:1159.
  109. Serfas, M.S. and Carroll, S.B. (2005) Pharmacologic approaches to butterfly wing patterns.  Sulfated polysaccharides mimic or antagonize cold shock and alter the interpretation of gradients of positional information. Developmental Biology, 287:416-424.
  110. C.T. Hittinger, C.T. Stern, and Carroll, S.B. (2005) Pleiotropic functions of a conserved insect-specific Hox peptide motif. Development, 132:5261-5270.
  111. Rokas, A., Kruger, D., Carroll, S.B. Animal evolution and the molecular signature of radiations Compressed in time. SCIENCE, 310:1933-1938.
  112. Yoder, J.H. and Carroll, S.B. (2006) The evolution of abdominal reduction and the recent origin of distinct Abdominal-B transcript classes in Diptera. Evolution and Development, 8:241-251.
  113. Prud’homme, B., Gompel, N., Rokas, A.,  Kassner, V.A., Williams, T.M.,  Yeh, S.-D., True, J.R., and Carroll, S.B. (2006) Repeated morphological evolution through cis-regulatory changes in a pleiotropic gene. Nature, 440:1050-1053.
  114. Jeong, S., Rokas, A., and Carroll, S.B. (2006) Regulation of body pigmentation by the Abdominal-B Hox protein and its evolutionary gain and loss in Drosophila.  Cell, 125:1387-1399.
  115. Prud’homme, B. and Carroll, S.B. (2006) Monkey see, monkey do. Nature Genetics 38:740-741.
  116. Rokas, A. and Carroll, S.B. (2006) Bushes in the tree of life. PLoS Biology 4:1899-1904.
  117. Hersh, B.M, Nelson, C.E., Stoll, S.J. , Norton , J.E., Albert, T.J. and Carroll, S.B. (2007) The UBX-regulated network in the haltere imaginal disc of D. melanogasterDevelopmental Biology 302:717-727.
  118. Prud’homme, B.P., Gompel, N. and Carroll, S.B. (2007) Emerging principles of regulatory evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104 Suppl 1:8605-86012.
  119. Walsh, C.M., Carroll, S.B. (2007) Collaboration between Smads and a Hox protein in target gene repression.  Development, 134:3585-92.
  120. Hittinger, C.T., Carroll, S.B. (2007) Gene duplication and the adaptive evolution of a classic genetic switch.  Nature, 449:677-81.
  121. Jeong,S., Rebeiz, M., Andolfatto, P., Werner, T., True, J., and Carroll, S.B. (2008) The evolution of gene regulation underlies a morphological difference between two Drosophila sister species. Cell 131:783-793.
  122. Carroll, S.B. (2008)  Evo Devo and an Expanding Evolutionary Synthesis: A Genetic Theory of Morphological Evolution.  Cell 134: 25-36.
  123. Hittinger, C.T. and Carroll, S.B. (2008) Evolution of an insect-specific Groucho-interaction motif in the Engrailed selector protein.  Evol. Dev.10: 537-545.
  124. Rokas, A., and Carroll, S.B.  (2008) Frequent and widespread parallel evolution of protein sequences. Mol. Biol. Evol. 25: 1943-1953.
  125. Williams, T. M., Selegue, J.E., Werner, T., Gompel, N., Kopp, A., and Carroll, S.B.  (2008)  The regulation and evolution of a genetic switch controlling sexually dimorphic traits in Drosophila.  Cell 134:610-623.

Magazines, Book Reviews, Other

  • Carroll, S.B. (2001) Communication Breakdown? (Review of E.G. Keller, Century of the Gene) Science 291:1264-1265 (book review).
  • Carroll, S.B. (2002) A wonderful life (Stephen J. Gould obituary) Developmental Cell, 3:21-23.
  • Carroll, S.B. (2005)  The Origins of Form. Natural History, 114(9):58-63.
  • Carroll, S.B. (2006)  Broken Pieces of yesterday’s Life. Natural History, 115(10):50-55.
  • Carroll, S.B. (2007)  EVOLUTION: God as Engineer, Science, 316:1427-1728.
  • Carroll,S.B., Prud’homme, B., and Gompel, N. (2008) Regulating Evolution.  Scientific American  May:32-39.